Wen Yiduo (Wen I-to) [real name Wen Jiahua] 1899-1946

Born in Hubei, Wen received a traditional education before entering Tsinghua School in 1912. In 1922, he went to the United States to study art and published his first collection of poetry, Hong zhu (Red candle), in 1923. He returned to China in 1925 and taught at several universities. He also became involved with the literary group Crescent Moon Society and published essays on poetry that emphasize the importance of formal properties. In 1928 he published his second collection of poetry, Sishui (The dead water) which included most of the poems written since his return from America. In 1944 he joined the China Democratic League and was active in political movements. He was assassinated in 1946 by the Nationalist secret police.

Works available in English:

  • Red Candle: Selected Poems (Tao Tao Sanders). London: Cape, 1972.
  • Selected Poetry and Prose. Beijing: Chinese Literature Press, 1990.

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